PMS: What Exactly Is It?

By Maryam

PMS stands for premenstrual syndrome. Millions of women are affected by PMS each month.

According to one study, it was estimated that almost 90% of women experience at least one symptom during their menstrual cycle each month. Although, most of these symptoms are mild enough that doctors wouldn’t consider you to have PMS.

What Exactly Is PMS?

It is often easy to blame mood swings, or feeling unusually down in the dumps with simply having PMS. While a lot of women experience symptoms of PMS, they don’t necessarily have PMS.

PMS is typically described as a distinct change in emotional or physical well-being one to two weeks before your period begins.

That might be a little confusing, but there are very strict clinical criteria that need to be met in order to be diagnosed with PMS. Due to this, only about 30% of women actually have PMS.

There are a couple risk factors that make it more likely to experience PMS, they can include people between the ages of 20 and 40, or if you have a family or personal history with depression or similar mood disorders.

What Are the Symptoms?

PMS symptoms can vary greatly from one woman to the next, but here are the most common ones:

-Feeling fatigued
-Having a hard time sleeping
-Upset stomach (bloating, diarrhea, or constipation)
-Increased acne
-Headaches and back pain
-Tender breasts
-Mood swings
-Feeling unusually sad or upset
-Difficulty concentrating

Treatment

If you believe you suffer from PMS, one of the things you can do is begin hormonal birth control pills. These can regulate your hormones which should help with PMS symptoms.

If you’re not quite ready for that yet, the easiest thing you can do is take some over the counter pain medication to help with the aches and pains.

Get Birth Control